CBD is one of the popular products in the markets now, and its fame keeps on increasing due to its various medicinal applications. CBD is a cannabinoid that is obtained from the hemp plant, which belongs to the plant family Cannabis sativa. CBD can also be obtained from the marijuana plant, which too belongs to the same plant family but is entirely different from the hemp-derived CBD.
What makes hemp CBD and marijuana CBD different are the different concentrations of THC in them. THC is an intoxicating compound that can induce a feeling of high on intake and the concentration of THC in hemp CBD is very less. Hemp CBD contains only about 0.3% THC and less, while marijuana products contain about 60 % THC.
The minimal percentage of THC in hemp CBD led to its legalization according to the Farm Bill 2018, and since then its sales kept on increasing. However, marijuana-derived CBD is still a Federal Controlled substance in the US. The potential use of CBD in relieving pain has been making it famous in palliative care.
CBD to Relieve Chronic Pain
The target area of CBD is the endocannabinoid system, and CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid receptors located in the immune system and brain. When the receptors receive signals from chemical stimuli, they produce a cellular response.
The generated response produces pain-relief and anti-inflammatory effects that help to manage chronic pain. An analysis of the results of studies conducted between 1975 and 2018 concluded that CBD usage was effective in handling pain caused by conditions like cancer, fibromyalgia, etc. This proves the potential of CBD as a medication that can successfully relieve chronic pain.
CBD to Relieve Arthritis Pain
A study conducted on rats with arthritis revealed the potential of CBD as an arthritis-pain relief medication. The study found that the rats that received dosages up to 6.2 milligrams per day showed visible improvements and the dosage could reduce the swelling and pain in the rats. The results of the study encouraged the research on using CBD to relieve arthritis pain in humans and a great amount of research is still going on.
CBD to Relieve Cancer Pain
Research on mice suggested that CBD usage can help in shrinking the tumors but the study still has a long way to go. CBD is more popular for its effectiveness in relieving cancer pain and the National Cancer Institute has recommended CBD as a possible option to reduce the side effects of chemotherapy. Common side effects of chemotherapy are
- Loss of appetite
CBD to Relieve the Pain of Migraines
Not many studies were conducted on the effects of CBD usage on migraines and current studies discover the effects of THC CBD. However, a 2017 study indicated that CBD can help to reduce the intensity of pain in people with migraines.
CBD to relieve withdrawal symptoms
Quitting drugs and smoking habit has associated withdrawal symptoms and this can sometimes lead to relapse. Studies have found that CBD can help people to quit the habit of smoking by effectively reducing their craving for nicotine. CBD was also found to be effective in treating people with opioid addiction. Some of the symptoms associated with system disorders are pain, anxiety, insomnia, etc and CBD use can help in reducing these symptoms.
CBD to Treat Epilepsy
A seizure is the most common symptom of epilepsy and CBD can help in reducing the frequency and severity of the seizures in people with epilepsy. The FDA has approved the use of drug Epidolex that contains CBD to treat two rare cases of epilepsy namely Dravet syndrome and Lenux Gastaut syndrome.
CBD to Treat Neuropsychiatric Disorders
Epilepsy has several associated complications like neuronal injury and neurodegeneration and CBD can be used to treat these associated complications. Studies have revealed that CBD can produce effects similar to that of antipsychotic drugs and the compound has the potential to be used in the treatment of schizophrenia.
CBD to Treat Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety-related disorders are common in people with the following conditions
- Obsessive compulsive disorder(OCD)
- Post traumatic stress disorder(PTSD)
- Social anxiety disorder
- Panic disorder
Many medical experts have suggested that CBD usage can help in reducing the symptoms of anxiety in people with the above disorders.
CBD to Cure Acne
Acne is caused by overactive sebaceous glands and inflammation. CBD has an anti-inflammatory effect on the body and the effect can reduce the activity of sebaceous glands.
CBD to Treat Type I Diabetes
Attack of the immune system on pancreatic cells causes inflammation of the cells that leads to type I diabetes. CBD usage can help to ease the inflammation of the pancreatic cells thereby becoming an effective treatment for type I diabetes.
The proven medical benefits of CBD and researches going on about its various applications make it an excellent medication to treat several conditions.